What is whip in baseball

What is Whip in Baseball? – A Guide to Understand the Baseball Statistics

Baseball isn’t just a game but a passion for people. Whether they play or watch their favorite players, its popularity is no surprise because there’re many things that make it unique. One aspect which makes the game more interesting is the whip. So, is this term familiar, or are you thinking, what is whip in Baseball?

  • Do you know?

WHIP is a factor in assessing a pitcher’s performance by looking at his statistics preventing baserunners from completing the runs. If you want to learn more about it, then read this article. Here we’ll explain what the baseball whip means and its other important aspects related to Whip.

What is WHIP in Baseball?

The baseball whip meaning is the ratio of hits and walks that’re allowed by a pitcher in per innings. The WHIP is a performance evaluation factor for a pitcher in baseball. Earlier, it was known as “innings pitch ratio,” but in 1979, writer Daniel Okrent invented the term “WHIP”.

This statistical term mainly focuses on one player of a baseball team who’s a “pitcher”. It revolves around how the pitcher performs, how many hits and walks he allows, and the runs he prevents in each inning. These statistics of hits and walks will enable you to determine the Whip.

A whip shows how many runs the pitcher is preventing per inning pitch. Generally, to put it another way, it means you’re giving up fewer base runners, preventing runs. If the pitcher’s Whip ratio is low, then it’ll be good and indicate his success.

How to Calculate Whip in Baseball?

As you know, in baseball stats what is Whip So, we’ll tell you how to calculate it. So, If you’re looking for a way to calculate the Whip in baseball, then here’s a simple formula that you can use for the calculation.

The whip statistics can be calculated by adding two different factors, “number of walks” and “number of hits” allowed by a pitcher. After adding the numbers, you need to divide the sum by the total number of innings that were pitched.

The general formula will be: 

WHIP = (BB + H) / IP

  • Where BB is the number of walks allowed by a pitcher.
  • H shows the number of hits that were allowed by a pitcher.
  • IP is the number of innings that were pitched.

An Example to Calculate the Whip in Baseball

Here we’ll provide you with a step-by-step guide for calculating the Whip in baseball of the pitcher.

  • The first step is to find the number of walks that were allowed by a pitcher in a certain period. You can get this information from the statistics of pitchers.
  • Then, the next step is to find out the number of hits that were allowed by a pitcher in a certain period. You can also find these numbers from these statistics of a pitcher.
  • Lastly, determine the number of innings that were pitched.

For example, you find

  1. Number of walks:12
  2. Number of hits: 35
  3. Number of innings pitched: 50
  4. WHIP = (12 + 35) / 50
  5. WHIP = 47 / 50
  6. WHIP ≈ 0.94

In the above example, we determined what is whip in baseball and calculated it by random values, and the approximate Whip that came is 0.94. So you can use this simple formula to calculate the statistics of your favorite pitcher and compare their performances with others.

What is a Good Baseball Whip?

After learning about the whip baseball, the question that can arise in your mind is, what is a good whip in baseball? So to evaluate the statistics of a good whip in baseball, you need specific benchmarks.

These benchmarks will help you determine deeper performance, whether good, bad, or average.


If the whip score is below 1.00, it’s a good one. The pitchers with a whip below 1.00 is the most influential player because they allow minimal hits and walks per inning.


On the contrary, if the whip score is above 1.5 0, it’s a bad whip. The pitchers with a score above 1.5 are ineffective in limiting the walks and heads per inning. Moreover, a pitcher with a high whip can give the team this advantage and allow more runs to the opposition.

Average WHIP

If the whip score is between 1.2 and 1.40, it’s an average whip. The pitchers who’ve a ratio between these numbers are adequate. These pitchers aren’t excellent players nor the struggling ones to limit the runs.

Does a Good WHIP in Baseball Indicate a Pitcher’s Success?

If the pitcher’s Whip is good, it can indicate his success. Because this isn’t just a statistic to judge the performance of a pitcher, but it also reflects the pitcher’s success. 

However, there’re several other factors that you need to look over with the Whip to indicate a pitcher’s success. The factors that you need to consider with Whip are FIP, ERA, and other factors.

What is Whip in Baseball? – Does it Affect Winning Games?

While learning what is whip in baseball, the performance of pitchers, and their statistics, the question can arise: does it affect winning the game?

  • Pro Tip

The statistics of the Whip aren’t just about a pitcher’s performance and success. The Whip has a powerful impact on the game-winning. During a match, a pitcher limits as many hits and walks as possible, allowing few base runners to score and complete their runs.

If the pitcher is successful in minimizing the number of runs. It automatically improves the chances of the team winning the game. So having a pitcher with a good WHIP score indicates that they’re in complete control and have good performance.

Moreover, a whip doesn’t consider offensive output and bad fielding. This means that an effective pitcher can have ineffective defensive players behind him. In that case, the poor performance of other players won’t have an effect on the whip of the pitcher.

Evaluation Factors in Baseball for Pitcher Performance

With the discussion on what is whip in baseball and how it’s related to pitcher performance, we’ll also discuss other statistics factors: ERA, FIP, and other evaluating factors for pitchers. However, first, we’ll discuss a pitcher’s job.

Before we get into the factors, let’s quickly discuss a pitcher’s role and how we measure it. A pitcher’s main job is to prevent the baserunners. Run prevention is a collaboration between a pitcher and the fielders on his team.

The bad defense may seriously ding a great pitcher, and a bad pitcher can look more reasonable if the fielding behind him is sharp. So if we’re seeking to evaluate just the pitcher’s pitching ability, we need stats that isolate just his contributions and eliminate what’s the fault of the fielders as much as we can. Here’re the evaluation factors in baseball for pitcher performance:


ERA, or earned run average, measures earned runs. It’s a number of runs charged to a pitcher that didn’t score off an error by the defense. Here’s a scale:

  • If the ERA is Under 2.00, then it’s exceptional.
  • If the score is between 2.00 to 3.00, then it’s a good performance.
  • If the score is between 3.00 to 4.00, then ERA performance is above average.
  • If the score is between 4.50 to 5.00, then the performance is below average.
  • If the ERA is more than 6.00, then it’s mean the performance is bad.

Flip or field independent pitching is one of these stats that answers the question of how many runs a pitcher gave up by his fault. Pitchers have the most control over walk-by hits, strikeouts, and home runs.

This factor focuses on the pitcher’s control, considers the defense quality, and asses the performance to provide a clear picture of their skills.

Here is a formula to calculate the FIP:

FIP = ((13 x Home Runs) + (3 x Walks) – (2 x Strikeouts)) / Innings Pitched + League Factor.

Advanced Metrics

Several advanced metrics like wins above replacement (WAR) and Skill-interactive ERA can help evaluate a pitcher’s performance. This advanced metrics factor considers the accounting factors: defense, ballpark effects, and situational performance.

Frequently Asked Questions

Yes, it plays a role in baseball because it examines a pitcher’s efficiency in striking out baserunners. A low WHIP represents greater efficiency in lowering walks and hits. This can result in lower opportunities to score for the other team, improving the possibility of success.

In baseball, WHIP and ERA are significantly related. A lower WHIP generally relates to a lower ERA, as minimizing the hits and walks results in a few baserunners. High WHIP generally correlates with improved overall pitcher performance and reduced total run averages.

WHIP stands for walks and hits per inning pitched. This factor is solely related to the pitcher because this factor helps in determining a pitcher’s performance by looking at the number of hits and walks he prevents per inning pitch.

WHIP and ERA are both essential metrics for evaluating pitchers, yet they convey different details. The factor of ERA mainly focuses on the runs allowed by the pitcher in each inning pitched. While the WHIP mainly focuses on the number of baserunners allowed.

The WHIP is a baseball statistic factor to evaluate the skill of pitchers in saving runs from scoring. However, ERA offers a more comprehensive picture of a pitcher’s total run prevention.


Being a baseball fan isn’t easy. You’ve to watch many aspects like Whip, drills, and others. If you’ve got an idea about what is whip in Baseball and are looking for more information, this article is a must-read.

The Whip comprises walks and hits, offering an entire perspective of a pitcher’s abilities to keep opponents from completing the run. The Whip comprises walks and hits, offering an entire perspective of a pitcher’s abilities to keep opponents from completing the run. 

A low whip means that the pitcher is successfully keeping the runner away from reaching base and reducing scoring chances.

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *